In 1991, a decision was taken to form the ‘Association of Paediatric Surgeons of Nigeria’ (APSON). The inaugural meeting of APSON was held on the 31st of January 1992 in the department of surgery of Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH). Professor S.D. Adeyemi convened the meeting. Thereafter, the association met a few times usually during meetings of the National Postgraduate Medical College or the West African College of Surgeons. It attempted to compile a list of paediatric surgeons in Nigeria and to draw up a constitution. However, efforts were not sustained and the association became dormant.

In September 2001, the first scientific meeting of APSON was held in LUTH. It was an international update program initiated by Dr(Mrs) M.A. Odelola in collaboration with Staff Practitioners from Children’s Hospital Oakland, California. The American team failed to attend due to the ‘tragedy of September 11, 2001’. However, the scientific program went ahead and brought together about 20 paediatric surgeons from all over Nigeria. A general meeting was held and the first APSON officers were elected.

The American team from Oakland attended the 2nd annual conference of APSON held in LUTH in March 2002.
In April 2002 at a conference in Egypt, APSON was registered with PAPSA (Pan African Paediatric Surgical Association ) and in June, 2002 at a BAPS conference in Cambridge England, APSON was registered with WOFAPS (World Federation of Association of Paediatric Surgeons).

APSON has held annual meetings since then rotating among various cities in Nigeria.